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C-halogen�pi interactions in nucleic acids: a database study

Mitra, D and Bankoti, N and Michael, D and Sekar, K and Row, T N G (2020) C-halogen�pi interactions in nucleic acids: a database study. In: Journal of Chemical Sciences, 132 (1).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12039-020-01794-1


Abstract: A Protein Data Bank study was conducted to check the role of C-halogen(X)�pi interactions (X = F, Cl, Br, I) in nucleic acids. The presence of halogens can be attributed to not only the modified residues of the nucleic acid but also the ones associated with the ligand. The study reports the presence of bromine amongst modified residues of the nucleic acid being the maximum than any other halogens. It is important to consider these interactions as they seem to be responsible for increasing the affinity of the ligand to the biomolecule concerned. The role of halogen-pi interactions becomes important to be assessed in order to design halogenated ligands that will certainly be more effective in increasing the binding of the corresponding ligand to the target nucleic acid. The study attempts at listing the halogens that are prominent in the existing nucleic acid and ligand interactions which are deposited in the PDB. Inter-atomic interactions based on C-X�pi were analyzed to be found in several PDB IDs and similar ligand halogenation can be carried out to effectively increase binding affinity of halogenated ligands to nucleic acid based targets in case of several diseases. Graphic abstract: SYNOPSIS A comprehensive analysis of C-halogen�pi interaction (C-X�pi) among available nucleic acid structures in RCSB PDB has been presented pointing to their application in ligand modification to improve interaction with biomolecules. Existing structures point to the presence of these non-bonded interactions in several diseases.Figure not available: see fulltext.. © 2020, Indian Academy of Sciences.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Chemical Sciences
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer
Keywords: Binding energy; Biomolecules; Halogenation; Ligands, Binding affinities; Comprehensive analysis; Existing structure; Halogenated ligands; Interatomic interactions; Ligand interactions; Nonbonded interaction; Nucleic acid structure, Nucleic acids
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Computational and Data Sciences
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2021 11:49
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2021 11:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/66298

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