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Suppression of luminosity and mass-radius relation of highly magnetized white dwarfs

Gupta, A and Mukhopadhyay, B and Tout, CA (2020) Suppression of luminosity and mass-radius relation of highly magnetized white dwarfs. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 496 (1). pp. 894-902.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa1575


We explore the luminosity L of magnetized white dwarfs and its effect on the mass-radius relation. We self-consistently obtain the interface between the electron degenerate-gas dominated inner core and the outer ideal gas surface layer or envelope by incorporating both the components of gas throughout the model white dwarf. This is obtained by solving the set of magnetostatic equilibrium, photon diffusion, and mass conservation equations in the Newtonian framework, for different sets of luminosity and magnetic field. We appropriately use magnetic opacity, instead of Kramer's opacity, wherever required. We show that the Chandrasekhar limit is retained, even at high luminosity up to about 10-2L� but without magnetic field, if the temperature is set constant inside the interface. However, there is an increased mass for large-radius white dwarfs, an effect of photon diffusion. Nevertheless, in the presence of strong magnetic fields, with central strength of about 1014 G, super-Chandrasekhar white dwarfs, with masses of about 1.9M�, are obtained even when the temperature inside the interface is kept constant. Most interestingly, small-radius magnetic white dwarfs remain super-Chandrasekhar even if their luminosity decreases to as low as about 10-20L�. However, their large-radius counterparts in the same mass-radius relation merge with Chandrasekhar's result at low L. Hence, we argue for the possibility of highly magnetized, low luminous super-Chandrasekhar mass white dwarfs that, owing to their faintness, can be practically hidden.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Oxford University Press
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2020 06:55
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2020 06:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/66263

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