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Design optimization and calibration of a void fraction measurement capacitance sensor for LN2 flow

Nagendra, HN and Verma, R and Sagar, P and Akber, K and Kasthurirengan, S and Shivaprakash, NC and Sahu, AK and Behera, U (2020) Design optimization and calibration of a void fraction measurement capacitance sensor for LN2 flow. In: 2019 Cryogenic Engineering Conference, CEC 2019, 21-25 July 2019, Connecticut Convention CenterHartford; United States.

IOP_CON_SER_MAT_SCI_ENG_755_1_2020.pdf - Published Version

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/755/1/012079


Cryogenic fluids are used for wide range of industrial and laboratory applications. Vacuum or super-insulated transfer lines are efficiently used to transfer these fluids from the storage Dewars to the end applications. As the heat transfer to the cryogens flowing through the transfer line cannot be completely eliminated, many a times two-phase flow occurs during the transfer process. It is necessary to estimate the quality of the flow (void fraction) and the amount of cryogen being evaporated in the transfer process. Many techniques are available to measure the void fraction, but implementing these techniques to cryogenic fluid flow is sometimes difficult and expensive. Capacitance measurement is easy and simple method to find the liquid level and void fraction. Towards this, an attempt has been made to design void fraction measurement sensor based on capacitance measurement. Most of the capacitance sensors are made with inner glass tube, which needs special attention in handling the device and also it is difficult to make the end connections for the glass tubes. The present work deals with the design optimization of Hylam� (Bakelite) and fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) inner tube concave plate capacitance sensors for liquid nitrogen level measurement. 3-D modelling and thermo structural analysis of the developed sensors has been carried out in ANSYS workbench and electrostatic analysis has been carried out using ANSYS Maxwell software. The results obtained by the analysis have been validated with experimental results.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publication: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Additional Information: cited By 0; Conference of 2019 Cryogenic Engineering Conference, CEC 2019 ; Conference Date: 21 July 2019 Through 25 July 2019; Conference Code:161595
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Cryogenic Technology
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation Appiled Physics
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2020 08:59
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2020 08:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/66099

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