ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Self-Assembled Nanostructured Tin Oxide Thin Films at the Air-Water Interface for Selective H2S Detection

Bellare, P and Sakhuja, N and Kundu, S and Bhat, N and Ravishankar, N (2020) Self-Assembled Nanostructured Tin Oxide Thin Films at the Air-Water Interface for Selective H2S Detection. In: ACS Applied Nano Materials, 3 (4). pp. 3730-3740.

[img] PDF
ACS_APP_NAN_MAT_3_4_3730-3740_2020.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (9MB) | Request a copy
an0c00412_si_001.pdf - Published Supplemental Material

Download (917kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.0c00412


Simple, inexpensive, and scalable strategies for metal oxide thin film growth are critical for potential applications in the field of gas sensing. Here, we report a general method for the synthesis of free-standing oxide thin films via a one-step, surfactant-free hydrothermal reaction wherein the oxide film forms at the air-water interface. Using SnO2 and PdO as model systems, we show that the thin films, thus formed, have lateral dimensions of the order of centimeters and thickness of the order of tens of nanometers. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has been used to understand the growth mechanism of the films. On the basis of these studies, we propose that the metal oxide particles formed in the bulk of the solution move to the interface and get trapped to form a continuous, polycrystalline film. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements have been performed to understand the structure, morphology, and thickness of the films. Thickness tunability by varying the precursor concentration has been explored, which in turn affects optical and gas sensing properties. Thin SnO2 films (30 nm) revealed an ultrasensitive response (R) of 25000 to 6 ppm of H2S at 150 °C while demonstrating 25 ppb (R = 19.3) as the experimental lowest limit of detection. The selectivity of these nanostructured films toward H2S stands tall among the other interfering gases by exhibiting an ∼2 orders higher response magnitude. Furthermore, these thin films are highly stable at elevated temperatures. Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: ACS Applied Nano Materials
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to American Chemical Society
Keywords: Air; Chemical detection; Film growth; Gas detectors; Gas sensing electrodes; High resolution transmission electron microscopy; Hydrothermal synthesis; Metals; Morphology; Oxide films; Palladium compounds; Phase interfaces; Scanning electron microscopy; Tin oxides, Gas sensing properties; Hydrothermal reaction; Metal oxide particles; Metal oxide thin films; Nanostructured Films; Nanostructured tin oxides; Precursor concentration; Thickness of the film, Thin films
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2021 05:53
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2021 05:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/65608

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item