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Effect of Mg-substitution in Co�Ni-Ferrites: Cation distribution and magnetic properties

Bhandare, SV and Kumar, R and Anupama, AV and Mishra, M and Kumar, RV and Jali, VM and Sahoo, B (2020) Effect of Mg-substitution in Co�Ni-Ferrites: Cation distribution and magnetic properties. In: Materials Chemistry and Physics, 251 (123081).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2020.123081


We report the changes in structural and magnetic properties of spinel ferrites by doping magnesium, a cation that occupies the tetrahedral site, in place of nickel that occupies the octahedral site in Co�Ni ferrite (Co0.5Ni0.5Fe2O4) ceramic. We synthesized nano-crystalline Co0.5MgxNi0.5-xFe2O4 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4) ceramic powder samples by sol-gel autocombustion method followed by calcination at 600 °C in air for 2 h. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of the synthesized samples confirm crystalline single-phase spinel structure with cubic symmetry (Fd-3m space group). Refined structural parameters were calculated through Rietveld refinement of the XRD patterns. The crystallite sizes for all the samples were found to be in the range of 30�38 nm. Porous morphology of the samples was clearly observed from the scanning electron micrographs. The FTIR spectra confirm the formation of the spinel phase through the observed vibrational bands assigned to the tetrahedral (Td) and octahedral (Oh) interstitial complexes in the spinel structure. Magnetic measurements indicate a decrease of saturation magnetization (Ms) with increase in concentration of Mg. Room temperature 57Fe-Mössbauer spectroscopy in association with XRD results confirmed the ferrimagnetic nature of the samples with Mg occupying the Td site, Ni occupying the Oh site and Co occupying both the Td and Oh sites in the ratio of 2:3. Using the cation occupancies, Néel's two sublattice model could explain the observed magnetic properties in our Mg doped Co�Ni ferrite samples. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Materials Chemistry and Physics
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: Cobalt compounds; Crystallite size; Ferrite; Ferrites; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Iron compounds; Magnesium; Magnesium compounds; Magnetic properties; Positive ions; Rietveld refinement; Saturation magnetization; Scanning electron microscopy; Sol-gels; X ray diffraction, Cation distributions; Interstitial complexes; Scanning electron micrographs; Single-phase spinel structure; Sol-gel auto-combustion; Ssbauer spectroscopies; Structural and magnetic properties; Two-sublattice models, Nickel compounds
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2021 10:06
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2021 10:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/65276

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