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Bijective proofs of skew Schur polynomial factorizations

Ayyer, A and Fischer, I (2020) Bijective proofs of skew Schur polynomial factorizations. In: Journal of Combinatorial Theory. Series A, 174 .

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.jcta.2020.105241


In a recent paper, Ayyer and Behrend present for a wide class of partitions factorizations of Schur polynomials with an even number of variables where half of the variables are the reciprocals of the others into symplectic and/or orthogonal group characters, thereby generalizing results of Ciucu and Krattenthaler for rectangular shapes. Their proofs proceed by manipulations of determinants underlying the characters. The purpose of the current paper is to provide bijective proofs of such factorizations. The quantities involved have known combinatorial interpretations in terms of Gelfand-Tsetlin patterns of various types or half Gelfand-Tsetlin patterns, which can in turn be transformed into perfect matchings of weighted trapezoidal honeycomb graphs. An important ingredient is then Ciucu's theorem for graphs with reflective symmetry. However, before being able to apply it, we need to employ a certain averaging procedure in order to achieve symmetric edge weights. This procedure is based on a �randomized� bijection, which can however also be turned into a classical bijection. For one type of Schur polynomial factorization, we also need an additional graph operation that almost doubles the underlying graph. Finally, our combinatorial proofs reveal that the factorizations under consideration can in fact also be generalized to skew shapes as discussed at the end of the paper.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Combinatorial Theory. Series A
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Mathematics
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2020 10:07
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2020 10:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/65036

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