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Nanoinfiltration for Enhancing Microwave Attenuation in Polystyrene-Nanoparticle Composites

Jagadeshavaran, PL and Nallabothula, H and Menon, AV and Bose, S (2020) Nanoinfiltration for Enhancing Microwave Attenuation in Polystyrene-Nanoparticle Composites. In: ACS Applied Nano Materials, 3 (2). pp. 1872-1880.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.9b02521


Polymer-based composites have emerged as promising candidates for microwave attenuation. It is now understood that, in order to enhance this attenuation, the amount of functional nanoparticles in the system has to be very high. However, this is limited by the processing challenges because the mixing parameters affect the way the nanoparticles are dispersed in a polymer nanocomposite. Although it is possible to achieve good mixing with the help of current state-of-art technology, the maximum amount of nanoparticles that can be incorporated is limited by several factors. Herein, a unique strategy (nanoinfiltration) is described to increase the filler concentration based on the dynamics of polymer chains in the presence of a solvent that is reported for increasing the filler concentration. Upon spin coating of a polymer solution containing well-dispersed nanoparticles, the solvent causes the polymer to swell, thereby increasing the available free volume where the nanoparticles can get trapped. Interesting morphologies were observed when nanoparticles of different shapes spherelike Fe3O4, rodlike multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and sheetlike graphene oxide (GO) and also hybrid structures like reduced graphene oxide, rGO-Fe3O4 and rGO-MoS2 were spin-coated. This establishes a strong correlation between the morphology of the nanoparticles and the free volume and characteristic length of the polymer chain. This approach was extended to design conducting nanocomposites in order to explore them for EMI shielding applications. Herein, we have employed nanoinfiltration to embed different nanoparticles into a composite of recycled polystyrene with multiwalled carbon nanotube (PS-MWCNT). It was observed that the shielding effectiveness of PS-MWCNT was enhanced up to -35 dB after being subjected to nanoinfiltration with rGO-MoS2. In order to evaluate the efficacy of this strategy, PS-MWCNT was sandwiched between two sheets of porous poly(vinylidene fluoride) containing rGO-MoS2. In doing so, a sharp decrease in the value of the EMI shielding effectiveness was observed. This hence suggests that nanoinfiltration proves to be a useful tool to enhance the radiation shielding property of conducting nanocomposites.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: ACS Applied Nano Materials
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Keywords: Filled polymers; Fillers; Fluorine compounds; Free volume; Graphene; Iron oxides; Layered semiconductors; Magnetic shielding; Magnetite; Mixing; Molybdenum compounds; Nanoparticles; Nanotubes; Plastic coatings; Polystyrenes; Radiation shielding; Reduced Graphene Oxide, Capillary rise; EMI shielding; Nanoconfinements; nanoinfiltration; Polymer nanocomposite, Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCN)
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2020 07:43
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2020 07:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64966

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