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Investigation of flow characteristics in supersonic combustion ramjet combustor toward improvement of combustion efficiency

Nair, PP and Amsha, S and Suryan, A and Nizetic, S (2020) Investigation of flow characteristics in supersonic combustion ramjet combustor toward improvement of combustion efficiency. In: International Journal of Energy Research .

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/er.5257


Supersonic combustion ramjet (scramjet) is a variant of ramjet in which the combustion takes place at supersonic velocity. The flow physics inside the scramjet combustor is quite complex due to the fact that the mixing and completion of the combustion take place in a short time, which is of the order of milliseconds. This study focuses on flow characteristics within the combustion chamber of the scramjet engine that is designed to improve energy efficiency by enhancing combustion efficiency. The effect on combustion performance and thereby the energy efficiency on using strut-based flame stabilizer is evaluated at different positions. Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations are solved with the Shear Stress Transport k-� turbulence model. Single strut configuration is used to validate with the experimental data. Single strut is then compared with three-strut configuration. In the three-strut configuration, the location of the primary strut is kept constant, and the secondary struts are relocated in x and y directions. Combustion performance was evaluated for the cases of flow from primary strut only and through three struts. It was found that the placement of secondary strut in a three-strut configuration plays a vital role in improving energy efficiency. A maximum of 33.86 improvement in combustion efficiency was observed in comparison to the single strut combustor. A reduction in unburned fuel was observed, making the system more energy efficient. If the struts are not placed optimally, the combustion performance of the combustor was observed to be lower than that of a single-strut configuration. The shock reflection and expansion fans within the primary combustion zone and the secondary strut region enhance the combustion efficiency. The wall static pressure was observed to increase with the addition of secondary struts. For certain strut configurations, flow separation was seen on the combustor walls. If the secondary strut was placed close to the primary strut, combustion efficiency was found to enhance. It was seen that combustion efficiency was also enhanced for the cases of reacting flow from primary strut only. It could also help to increase fuel efficiency, as additional fuel is not supplied to the secondary strut, making the overall system energy efficient. As the secondary strut is introduced, total pressure loss also increases. It could also be noted that if the combustor length was increased, there could be further increased in combustion efficiency. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Journal of Energy Research
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Keywords: Combustion; Combustors; Energy efficiency; Flow separation; Fuels; Navier Stokes equations; Ramjet engines; Shear stress; Supersonic aircraft; Turbulence models; Unmanned vehicles, Combustion efficiencies; Combustion performance; Flow charac-teristics; K-Omega turbulence model; Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes Equations; scramjet; Shear-stress transport; Supersonic combustion ramjet (scramjet), Struts
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2020 06:23
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2020 06:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64896

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