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Quantitative earthquake-like statistical properties of the flow of soft materials below yield stress

Bera, PK and Majumdar, S and Ouillon, G and Sornette, D and Sood, AK (2020) Quantitative earthquake-like statistical properties of the flow of soft materials below yield stress. In: Nature Communications, 11 (1).

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13790-2


The flow behavior of soft materials below the yield stress can be rich and is not fully understood. Here, we report shear-stress-induced reorganization of three-dimensional solid-like soft materials formed by closely packed nematic domains of surfactant micelles and a repulsive Wigner glass formed by anisotropic clay nano-discs having ionic interactions. The creep response of both the systems below the yield stress results in angular velocity fluctuations of the shearing plate showing large temporal burst-like events that resemble seismic foreshocks-aftershocks data measuring the ground motion during earthquake avalanches. We find that the statistical properties of the quake events inside such a burst map on to the scaling relations for magnitude and frequency distribution of earthquakes, given by Gutenberg-Richter and Omori laws, and follow a power-law distribution of the inter-occurrence waiting time. In situ polarized optical microscopy reveals that during these events the system self-organizes to a much stronger solid-like state.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Nature Communications
Publisher: Nature
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Nature
Keywords: aftershock; earthquake magnitude; foreshock; frequency analysis; ground motion; nanoparticle; quantitative analysis; shear stress; soft clay
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2020 11:04
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2020 11:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64745

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