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Phase inconsistency as a major source of error in NGFS forecast

Singhai, P and Balakrishnan, S and Rajagopal, EN and Chakraborty, A (2020) Phase inconsistency as a major source of error in NGFS forecast. In: Climate Dynamics .

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-020-05148-y


South Asian monsoon exhibits multiscale spatiotemporal variability. Analyzing the nature and behavior of numerical weather forecast error associated with these space-time heterogeneities will eventually help in improving the models. We investigate the spatiotemporal error characteristics of the National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) Global Forecast System (NGFS) model over South Asian land and ocean separately. Although error grows with lead-time, it saturates within 3�5 days of forecast initiation. The saturated error is only about 15�25 higher than that of day-1, indicating that most of the error accumulates within first 24-h of forecast. Increase in error over oceanic regions is due to an increase in the area with high error at all precipitation ranges with large day-to-day variability. However, over land error growth is primarily confined at locations of high mean precipitation. Decomposition of error arising due to intensity and phase variations reveals that about 90 of it arises from the model�s inability to capture phase of precipitation at various timescales. We show that NGFS cannot capture synoptic scale variations (< 10 day) after day-2. Both the high-frequency (10�20 day) and low-frequency (30�60 day) intraseasonal variations are reasonably predicted up to day-3. At diurnal timescale, NGFS forecasts show a peak in precipitation about 3�6 h prior to that observed, both over land and ocean. Surprisingly, this error does not change with lead-time. Lastly, we show that major error characteristics do not depend on the seasonal mean monsoon rainfall.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Climate Dynamics
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer
Keywords: Diurnal cycle; Indian monsoon; Phase error; Short-to-medium range forecast
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 10:00
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2020 10:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64657

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