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Chalcogen-assisted enhanced atomic orbital interaction at TMD-metal interface and sulfur passivation for overall performance boost of 2-D TMD FETs

Ansh, A and Shrivastava, M and Kumar, J and Sheoran, G and Variar, HB and Mishra, R and Kuruva, H and Meersha, A and Mishra, A and Raghavan, S (2020) Chalcogen-assisted enhanced atomic orbital interaction at TMD-metal interface and sulfur passivation for overall performance boost of 2-D TMD FETs. In: IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 67 (2). pp. 717-724.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TED.2019.2958338


Metal-semiconductor interface is a bottleneck for the efficient transport of charge carriers through transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD)-based FETs. Injection of charge carriers across such interfaces is mostly limited by the Schottky barrier at the contacts that must be reduced to achieve highly efficient contacts for carrier injection into the channel. Here, we introduce a universal approach involving dry chemistry to enhance atomic orbital interaction among various TMDs (MoS2, WS2, MoSe2, and WSe2) and metal contacts. Quantum chemistry among TMDs, chalcogens, and metals has been explored using detailed atomistic (DFT and NEGF) simulations, which is then verified using Raman, PL, and XPS investigations. Atomistic investigations revealed lower contact resistance due to the enhanced orbital interaction and unique physics of charge sharing between constituent atoms in TMDs with the introduced chalcogen atoms that are subsequently validated through experiments. In addition to contact engineering, which resulted in contact resistance (extracted via the Y-function method as low as 119 and 59 Ω μm in MoS2 and WS2, respectively), a novel approach to cure/passivate the dangling bonds present at the 2-D TMD channel surface has been demonstrated. While the contact engineering improved the ON-state performance (ION, gm, μ, and RON) of the 2-D TMD FETs by orders of magnitude, chalcogen-based channel passivation was found to improve gate control (IOFF, SS, and VTH) significantly. This resulted in an overall performance boost. The engineered TMD FETs were shown to have performance on par with the best reported until now.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Keywords: Atoms; Charge carriers; Contact resistance; Dangling bonds; Layered semiconductors; Molybdenum compounds; Passivation; Quantum chemistry; Schottky barrier diodes; Sulfur; Transition metals; Tungsten compounds, Atomic orbital; MoS2; MoSe2; Transition metal dichalcogenides; WSe2, Selenium compounds
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electronic Systems Engineering (Formerly Centre for Electronic Design & Technology)
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 11:29
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2020 11:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64583

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