ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

When and why do sit-And-wait social spiders disperse?

Parthasarathy, B and Somanathan, H (2020) When and why do sit-And-wait social spiders disperse? In: Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution, 66 (1-2). pp. 15-25.

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1163/22244662-20191068


Dispersal is inherent to all living organisms. Sit-And-wait predators such as social spiders, with their sedentary lifestyles, present an intriguing and underexplored case to examine the proximate and ultimate reasons for dispersal. Though a reduction in dispersal tendencies must accompany the evolution of sociality in spiders, a fraction of the colony may disperse in groups or individually in many species. Such group or solitary dispersal by female social spiders in specific life stages, can lead to colony fission or colony foundation. Males move between colonies, however, there are no direct estimations of male dispersal distances for any species. The structured populations and high inbreeding within colonies suggest that dispersal events occur over limited spatial scales and may be mediated by extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Future studies exploring complex relationships between environmental variables, phenotypes of individuals, colony state and dispersal are advocated. Another area of interest is probing the dispersal process itself to understand the mechanisms of information transfer between individuals at the onset of dispersal. This involves designing studies to examine how break-Away groups reach a consensus on when to disperse and where to go. © 2019 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Brill Academic Publishers
Keywords: colony founding; dispersal; inbreeding; predation; social insect; spider, Araneae
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2021 09:25
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2021 09:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64538

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item