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High-resolution intertidal topography from sentinel-2 multi-spectral imagery: Synergy between remote sensing and numerical modeling

Khan, MJU and Ansary, MDN and Durand, F and Testut, L and Ishaque, M and Calmant, S and Krien, Y and Saifu, AKM and Papa, F (2019) High-resolution intertidal topography from sentinel-2 multi-spectral imagery: Synergy between remote sensing and numerical modeling. In: Remote Sensing, 11 (24).

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs11242888


The intertidal zones are well recognized for their dynamic nature and role in near-shore hydrodynamics. The intertidal topography is poorly mapped worldwide due to the high cost of associated field campaigns. Here we present a combination of remote-sensing and hydrodynamic modeling to overcome the lack of in situ measurements. We derive a digital elevation model (DEM) by linking the corresponding water level to a sample of shorelines at various stages of the tide. Our shoreline detection method is fully automatic and capable of processing high-resolution imagery from state-of-the-art satellite missions, e.g., Sentinel-2. We demonstrate the use of a tidal model to infer the corresponding water level in each shoreline pixel at the sampled timestamp. As a test case, this methodology is applied to the vast coastal region of the Bengal delta and an intertidal DEM at 10mresolution covering an area of 1134 km2 is developed from Sentinel-2 imagery. We assessed the quality of the DEM with two independent in situ datasets and conclude that the accuracy of our DEM amounts to about 1.5 m, which is commensurate with the typical error bar of the validation datasets. This DEM can be useful for high-resolution hydrodynamic and wave modeling of the near-shore area. Additionally, being automatic and numerically effective, our methodology is compliant with near-real-time monitoring constraints.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Remote Sensing
Publisher: MDPI AG
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to MDPI AG
Keywords: Digital instruments; Geomorphology; Hydrodynamics; Remote sensing; Satellite imagery; Spectroscopy; Topography; Water levels, Bengal Delta; Digital elevation model; High resolution imagery; In-situ measurement; Intertidal region; Multi-spectral imagery; Near-real-time monitoring; Sentinel-2, Surveying
Department/Centre: Others
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2020 10:37
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 10:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64488

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