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Performance of Composite Insulators Used for Electric Transmission under Extreme Climatic Conditions

Nandi, Sounak and Subba Reddy, B and Sharma, Dinesh (2019) Performance of Composite Insulators Used for Electric Transmission under Extreme Climatic Conditions. In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE, 28 (10). pp. 5959-5969.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11665-019-04341-3


Composite or polymeric insulators are being used in various parts of the world for high-voltage transmission and distribution lines. In some parts of India, places in the states like Rajasthan and Gujarat experience an increase in the daytime temperature up to 50 degrees C, while the nighttime temperature reduces as low as 3-5 degrees C. Because of these extreme temperature variations along with electric stress and humidity conditions, composite insulators have to perform well over their lifetime to ensure the reliability of the transmission network. In the present work, experimental conditions are simulated with temperature variation from 50 to 3-5 degrees C along with electrical stress, humidity variation, pollution, and ultraviolet radiations. Accelerated aging studies with these stresses are conducted to understand the degradation on the insulator similar to the field conditions. Surface resistivity measurements, leakage current analysis, and surface degradation studies using thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) are conducted. Some interesting results obtained from the study are presented. Experimentation under extreme conditions with polluted insulators showed considerable degradation which was inferred from the material testing analysis. The insulator slabs on which electrical stress was not applied showed a considerable peak at 1500 cm(-1) in the FTIR spectra, indicating the generation of low molecular weight PDMS chains from the bulk due to UV aging and thermal stress, while the degradation pattern of non-polluted sample was severe compared to the slab treated but was considerably less severe in comparison with the polluted insulator sample exhibiting pollution can considerably increase degradation rate.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: SPRINGER
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to SPRINGER
Keywords: composite insulators; leakage current; multistress; surface degradation; temperature; transmission
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2020 10:47
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2020 10:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64270

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