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Gate-Induced Metal-Insulator Transition in 2D van der Waals Layers of Copper Indium Selenide Based Field-Effect Transistors

Patil, Prasanna D and Ghosh, Sujoy and Wasala, Milinda and Lei, Sidong and Vajtai, Robert and Ajayan, Pulickel M and Ghosh, Arindam and Talapatra, Saikat (2019) Gate-Induced Metal-Insulator Transition in 2D van der Waals Layers of Copper Indium Selenide Based Field-Effect Transistors. In: ACS NANO, 13 (11). pp. 13413-13420.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.9b06846


The existence of an exquisite phenomenon such as a metal-insulator transition (MIT) in two-dimensional (2D) systems, where completely different electronic functionalities in the same system can emerge simply by regulating parameters such as charge carrier density in them, is noteworthy. Such tunability in material properties can lead to several applications where precise tuning of function specific properties are desirable. Here, we report on our observation on the occurrence of MIT in the 2D material system of copper indium selenide (CuIn7Se11). Clear evidence of the metallic nature of conductivity (sigma) under the influence of electrostatic doping via the gate, which crosses over to an insulating phase upon lowering the temperature, was observed by investigating the temperature and gate dependence of a in CuIn7Se11 field-effect transistor devices. At higher charge carrier densities (n > 10(12) cm(-1)), we found that sigma similar to (n)(alpha) with a similar to 2, which suggests the presence of bare Coulomb impurity scattering within the studied range of temperature (280 K > T > 20 K). Our analysis of the conductivity data following the principles of percolation theory of transition where sigma similar to (n - n(C))(delta) show that the critical percolation exponent delta(T) has average values similar to 1.57 +/- 0.27 and 1.02 +/- 0.35 within the measured temperature range for the two devices and it is close to the 2D percolation exponent value of 1.33. We believe that the 2D MIT seen in our system is due to the charge density inhomogeneity caused by electrostatic doping and unscreened charge impurity scattering that leads to a percolation driven transition. The findings reported here for CuIn7Se11 system provide a different material platform to investigate MIT in 2D and are crucial in order to understand the fundamental basis of electronic interactions and charge-transport phenomenon in other unexplored 2D electron systems.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: ACS NANO
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Keywords: field-effect transistors; metal-insulator transition; 2d materials; copper indium selenide; percolation
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2019 11:29
Last Modified: 24 Dec 2019 11:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64209

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