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Unity and diversity among viral kinases

Janaki, Chintalapati and Malini, Manoharan and Tyagi, Nidhi and Srinivasan, Narayanaswamy (2020) Unity and diversity among viral kinases. In: GENE, 723 .

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2019.144134


Viral kinases are known to undergo autophosphorylation and also phosphorylate viral and host substrates. Viral kinases have been implicated in various diseases and are also known to acquire host kinases for mimicking cellular functions and exhibit virulence. Although substantial analyses have been reported in the literature on diversity of viral kinases, there is a gap in the understanding of sequence and structural similarity among kinases from different classes of viruses. In this study, we performed a comprehensive analysis of protein kinases encoded in viral genomes. Homology search methods have been used to identify kinases from 104,282 viral genomic datasets. Serine/threonine and tyrosine kinases are identified only in 390 viral genomes. Out of seven viral classes that are based on nature of genetic material, only viruses having double-stranded DNA and single-stranded RNA retroviruses are found to encode kinases. The 716 identified protein kinases are classified into 63 subfamilies based on their sequence similarity within each cluster, and sequence signatures have been identified for each subfamily. 11 clusters are well represented with at least 10 members in each of these clusters. Kinases from dsDNA viruses, Phycodnaviridae which infect green algae and Herpesvirales that infect vertebrates including human, form a major group. From our analysis, it has been observed that the protein kinases in viruses belonging to same taxonomic lineages form discrete clusters and the kinases encoded in alphaherpesvirus form host-specific clusters. A comprehensive sequence and structure-based analysis enabled us to identify the conserved residues or motifs in kinase catalytic domain regions across all viral kinases. Conserved sequence regions that are specific to a particular viral kinase cluster and the kinases that show close similarity to eukaryotic kinases were identified by using sequence and three-dimensional structural regions of eukaryotic kinases as reference. The regions specific to each viral kinase cluster can be used as signatures in the future in classifying uncharacterized viral kinases. We note that kinases from giant viruses Marseilleviridae have close similarity to viral oncogenes in the functional regions and in putative substrate binding regions indicating their possible role in cancer.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: GENE
Publisher: ELSEVIER
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to ELSEVIER
Keywords: Viral genomes; Kinase classification; Kinase subfamilies; Phycodnaviridae kinases; Herpesviral kinases; Poxvirus kinases; Retroviral kinases
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2020 09:47
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2020 09:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64028

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