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Dynamic Instability Analysis of Multifunctional Composite Structures

Kumar, Yashwantha and Rammohan, B and Budarapu, P R and Harursampath, D K and Seetharamu, K N (2019) Dynamic Instability Analysis of Multifunctional Composite Structures. In: AIAA JOURNAL, 57 (10). pp. 4241-4254.

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Official URL: http:/dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.J057479


A dynamic instability analysis of fiber reinforced composite cantilever beams has been carried out in this study. Both experimental and numerical studies are performed to estimate the flutter speeds. Three different types of composite beams namely, glass fiber reinforced plastics, aluminum fiber reinforced (glass reinforced aluminum), and multifunctional carbon fiber reinforced composites] have been considered in the analysis. A graphite fiber reinforced polymer matrix composite laminate with dimensions of 320 x 75 x 12 mm is used in the experiments. The fibers are oriented along 0 deg: that is, along the direction of major dimension of the laminate. The experiments are conducted on three such beams by clamping one end of the beam to a heavy steel frame and leaving the other end free. The natural frequencies, mode shapes, and structural damping characteristics of each beam are estimated using the modal analysis through the fast Fourier transform analyzer. Variation of the damping and the frequency with wind velocity for each beam is illustrated through the v - g and v - f plots. The modal assurance criterion is also verified. Experiments are further continued to perform a dynamic instability analysis by clamping the beam inside the test chamber of a low-speed suction-type wind tunnel. The beam response at various wind speeds is captured through an accelerometer mounted at the tip. Based on the experiments, the flutter speed of the tested beams is estimated to be around 32 m/s. A numerical analysis framework is developed using the ZAERO code to perform the modal and flutter analyses. Numerical results are compared to the experimental results and are found to be in excellent agreement. Therefore, the numerical framework has been further extended to carry out the flutter analysis of the multifunctional composite beams, such as glass reinforced aluminum and plastic lithium-ion battery embedded composite beams. The multifunctional laminated composite beams are observed to have better dynamic stability as compared to the glass fiber reinforced polymer composite beams.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: AIAA JOURNAL
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to AMER INST AERONAUTICS ASTRONAUTICS
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2019 06:55
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2019 06:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63976

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