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Petrogenesis of an alkaline lamprophyre (camptonite) with ocean island basalt (OIB)-affinity at the NW margin of the Cuddapah basin, eastern Dharwar craton, southern India

Giri, Rohit Kumar and Pankaj, Praveer and Rao, N V Chalapathi and Chakrabarti, Ramananda and Pandit, Dinesh (2019) Petrogenesis of an alkaline lamprophyre (camptonite) with ocean island basalt (OIB)-affinity at the NW margin of the Cuddapah basin, eastern Dharwar craton, southern India. In: NEUES JAHRBUCH FUR MINERALOGIE-ABHANDLUNGEN, 196 (2). pp. 149-177.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1127/njma/2019/0179


We report petrology and geochemistry (including Sr and Nd isotopes) of a fresh lamprophyre at Ankiraopalli area at the north-western margin of Paleo-Mesoproterozoic Cuddapah basin, eastern Dharwar craton, southern India. Ankiraopalli samples possess a typical lamprophyre porphyritic-panidiomorphic texture with phenocrysts of kaersutite and diopside set in a plagioclase dominant groundmass. Combined mineralogy and geochemistry classify it as alkaline lamprophyre in general and camptonite in particular. Contrary to the calc-alkaline and/or shoshonitic orogenic nature portrayed by lamprophyres occurring towards the western margin of the Cuddapah basin, the Ankiraopalli samples display trace element composition revealing striking similarity with those of ocean island basalts, Italian alkaline lamprophyres and highlights an anorogenic character. However, the Sr-87/Sr-86(initial) (0.710316 to 0.720016) and epsilon Nd-initial (-9.54 to -9.61) of the Ankiraopalli lamprophyre show derivation from an `enriched' mantle source showing long term enrichment of incompatible trace elements and contrast from those of (i) OIB, and (ii) nearby Mahbuhnagar alkaline mafic dykes of OIB affinity. Combining results of this study and recent advances made, multiple mantle domains are identified in the Eastern Dharwar craton which generated distinct Mesoproterozoic lamprophyre varieties. These include (i) Domain I, involving sub-continental lithospheric mantle source essentially metasomatized by subduction-derived melts/fluids (represented by orogenic calcalkaline and/or shoshonitic lamprophyres at the Mudigubba, the Udiripikonda and the Kadiri); (ii) Domain II, comprising a mixed sub-continental lithospheric and asthenospheric source (represented by orogenic-anorogenic, alkaline to calc-alkaline transitional lamprophyres at the Korakkodu), and (iii) Domain III, representing a sub-continental lithospheric source with a dominant overprint of an asthenospheric (plume) component (represented by essentially alkaline lamprophyres at the Ankiraopalli). Our study highlights the varied mantle source heterogeneities and complexity of geodynamic processes involved in the Neoarchean-Paleo/Mesoproterozoic evolution of the Eastern Dharwar craton.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs E SCHWEIZERBARTSCHE VERLAGSBUCHHANDLUNG
Keywords: camptonite; lamprophyre; OIB; Dharwar craton; India
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2020 10:47
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 10:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63942

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