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Arginine methylation augments Sbp1 function in translation repression and decapping

Bhatter, Nupur and Roy, Raju and Shah, Shanaya and Sastry, Sneha P and Parbin, Sabnam and Iyappan, Rajan and Kankaria, Siddharth and Rajyaguru, Purusharth (2019) Arginine methylation augments Sbp1 function in translation repression and decapping. In: FEBS JOURNAL .

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/febs.15057


The fate of messenger RNA in cytoplasm plays a crucial role in various cellular processes. However, the mechanisms that decide whether mRNA will be translated, degraded or stored remain unclear. Single stranded nucleic acid binding protein (Sbp1), an Arginine-Glycine-Glycine (RGG-motif) protein, is known to promote transition of mRNA into a repressed state by binding eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4G1 (eIF4G1) and to promote mRNA decapping, perhaps by modulation of Dcp1/2 activity. Sbp1 is known to be methylated on arginine residues in RGG-motif; however, the functional relevance of this modification in vivo remains unknown. Here, we report that Sbp1 is arginine-methylated in an hnRNP methyl transferase (Hmt1)-dependent manner and that methylation is enhanced upon glucose deprivation. Characterization of an arginine-methylation-defective (AMD) mutant provided evidence that methylation affects Sbp1 function in vivo. The AMD mutant is compromised in causing growth defect upon overexpression, and the mutant is defective in both localizing to and inducing granule formation. Importantly, the Sbp1-eIF4G1 interaction is compromised both for the AMD mutant and in the absence of Hmt1. Upon overexpression, wild-type Sbp1 increases localization of another RGG motif containing protein, Scd6 (suppressor of clathrin deficiency) to granules; however, this property of Sbp1 is compromised in the AMD mutant and in the absence of Hmt1, indicating that Sbp1 repression activity could involve other RGG-motif translation repressors. Additionally, the AMD mutant fails to increase localization of the decapping activator DEAD box helicase homolog to foci and fails to rescue the decapping defect of a dcp1-2 Delta ski8 strain, highlighting the role of Sbp1 methylation in decapping. Taken together, these results suggest that arginine methylation modulates Sbp1 role in mRNA fate determination.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: FEBS JOURNAL
Publisher: WILEY
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to WILEY
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2019 07:32
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2019 07:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63776

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