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Ostwald ripening in two dimensions: Time dependence of size distributions for thin-film islands

Madras, Giridhar and McCoy, Benjamin J (2003) Ostwald ripening in two dimensions: Time dependence of size distributions for thin-film islands. In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 5 (24). pp. 5459-5466.

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Thin film phase transitions can involve monomer deposition and dissociation on clusters (islands) and island coalescence. We propose a distribution kinetics model of island growth and ripening to quantify the evolution of island size distributions. Incorporating reversible monomer addition at island edges, cluster coalescence, and denucleation of unstable clusters, the governing population dynamics equation can be transformed into difference-differential or partial differential forms with an integral expression for coalescence. The coalescence kernel is assumed proportional to $x^v x'^\mu $, where x and x' are masses of coalescing clusters. The deposition and dissociation rate coefficients are proportional to cluster mass raised to a power, $x^{\lambda}$. The equation was solved numerically over a broad time $(\theta)$ range for various initial conditions. The moment form of the equation algebraically yields asymptotic long-time expressions for the power law dependence of decreasing number concentration $(\theta^{-b})$ and increasing average cluster size $(\theta^b)$. When coalescence is negligible the power is $b = 1/(1- \lambda + d^{-1})$, where d = 2 or 3 is the dimensionality. If coalescence dominates the asymptotic time dependence, the power is $b = 1/(1-v- \mu)$.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/6339

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