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GLOSTAR: Radio Source Catalog I. 28 degrees < l < 36 degrees and vertical bar b vertical bar < 1 degrees

Medina, S-N X and Urquhart, J S and Dzib, S A and Brunthaler, A and Cotton, B and Menten, K M and Wyrowski, F and Beuther, H and Billington, S J and Carrasco-Gonzalez, C and Csengeri, T and Gong, Y and Hofner, P and Nguyen, H and Ortiz-Leon, G N and Ott, J and Pandian, J D and Roy, N and Sarkar, E and Wang, Y and Winkel, B (2019) GLOSTAR: Radio Source Catalog I. 28 degrees < l < 36 degrees and vertical bar b vertical bar < 1 degrees. In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 627 .

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201935249


Context. Radio continuum surveys of the Galactic plane are an excellent way to identify different source populations such as planetary nebulae, H II regions, and radio stars and characterize their statistical properties. The Global View of Star Formation in the Milky Way (GLOSTAR) survey will study the star formation in the Galactic plane between -2 degrees < l < 85 degrees and vertical bar b vertical bar < 1 degrees with unprecedented sensitivity in both flux density (similar to 40 mu Jy beam(-1)) and range ofangular scales (similar to 1 `'.5 to the largest radio structures in the Galaxy). Aims. In this paper we present the first results obtained from a radio continuum map of a 16-square-degree-sized region of the Galactic plane centered on l = 32 degrees and b = 0 degrees (28 degrees < l < 36 degrees and vertical bar b vertical bar < 1 degrees). This map has a resolution of 18 `' and a sensitivity of similar to 60-150 mu Jy beam(-1). Methods. We present data acquired in 40 h of observations with the VLA in D-configuration. Two 1 GHz wide sub-bands were observed simultaneously and they were centered at 4.7 and 6.9 GHz. These data were calibrated and imaged using the Obit software package. The source extraction was performed using the BLOBCAT software package and verified through a combination of visual inspection and cross-matching with other radio and mid-infrared surveys. Results. The final catalog consists of 1575 discrete radio sources and 27 large scale structures (including W43 and W44). By cross-matching with other catalogs and calculating the spectral indices (S(nu) alpha nu(alpha)), we have classified 231 continuum sources as H II regions, 37 as ionization fronts, and 46 as planetary nebulae. The longitude and latitude distribution and negative spectral indices are all consistent with the vast majority of the unclassified sources being extragalactic background sources. Conclusions. We present a catalog of 1575 radio continuum sources and discuss their physical properties, emission nature, and relation to previously reported data. These first GLOSTAR results have increased the number of reliable H II regions in this part of the Galaxy by a factor of four.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to EDP SCIENCES S A
Keywords: surveys; radiation mechanisms: thermal; radio continuum: general; stars: formation; techniques: interferometric; radiation mechanisms: non-thermal
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2019 06:11
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2019 06:19
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63366

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