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A simple and flexible enzymatic glucose biosensor using chitosan entrapped mesoporous carbon nanocomposite

Barathi, Palani and Thirumalraj, Balamurugan and Chen, Shen-Ming and Angaiah, Subramania (2019) A simple and flexible enzymatic glucose biosensor using chitosan entrapped mesoporous carbon nanocomposite. In: MICROCHEMICAL JOURNAL, 147 . pp. 848-856.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2019.03.083


A flexible and promising amperometric glucose biosensor was reported using direct immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOx) on chitosan supported mesoporous carbon (MPC-CHT) nanocomposite. The availability of more functional groups particularly amine groups, the CHT was selected as an immobilization matrix as well as cross linker for GOx. The MPC-CHT-GOx composites were characterized well and discussed in details. The MPC-CHT-GOx modified electrode accelerates fast electron transfer on the electrode surface due to the excellent intermolecular interaction between the CHT and GOx molecule. Besides, the MPC-CHT-GOx composite showed well-defined redox behavior with enhanced direct electron transfer (DET) of GOx in PBS, pH 7. Amperometric response of MPC-CHT-GOx modified electrode displayed a good linear response over the glucose concentration ranges from 250 mu M to 3 mM with a detection limit (LOD) and sensitivity of 4.1 mu M and 56.12 mu A mM(-1) cm(-2), respectively. The MPC-CHT-GOx modified electrode also displayed good charge transfer coefficient (alpha) and heterogeneous rate constant (k(s)) values are 0.56 and 2.2182 s(-1). Besides, the MPC-CHT-GOx modified electrode exhibited good bio-catalytic activity with the Michaelis-Menten saturation (K-m(app)) value was about 2.14 mM. The practicability of the sensor was evaluated in biological real samples with satisfactory recoveries.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright of this article belongs to ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Keywords: Mesoporous carbon; Chitosan; Glucose oxidase; Direct electrochemistry; Glucose biosensor
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2019 20:13
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2019 20:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63039

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