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Mixing and warming of cryogenic hydrogen releases

Hecht, Ethan S and Panda, Pratikash P (2018) Mixing and warming of cryogenic hydrogen releases. In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, 44 (17). pp. 8960-8970.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.07.058


Laboratory measurements were made on the concentration and temperature fields of cryogenic hydrogen jets. Images of spontaneous Raman scattering from a pulsed planar laser sheet were used to measure the concentration and temperature fields from varied releases. Jets with up to 5 bar pressure, with near-liquid temperatures at the release point, were characterized in this work. This data is relevant for characterizing unintended leaks from piping connected to cryogenic hydrogen storage tanks, such as might be encountered at a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle fueling station. The average centerline mass fraction was observed to decay at a rate similar to room temperature hydrogen jets, while the half-width of the Gaussian profiles of mass fraction were observed to spread more slowly than for room temperature hydrogen. This suggests that the mixing and models for cryogenic hydrogen may be different than for room temperature hydrogen. Results from this work were also compared to a one-dimensional (streamwise) model. Good agreement was seen in terms of temperature and mass fraction. In subsequent work, a validated version of this model will be exercised to quantitatively assess the risk at hydrogen fueling stations with cryogenic hydrogen on-site.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: 7th International Conference on Hydrogen Safety (ICHS), Hamburg, GERMANY, SEP 11-13, 2017 The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Hydrogen; Cryogenic; Jet; Plume; Experiment; Simulation
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2019 07:48
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2019 07:48
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/62547

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