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The Effect of Introducing Redundancy in a Probabilistic Forwarding Protocol

Kumar, Vinay BR and Antony, Roshan and Kashyap, Navin (2018) The Effect of Introducing Redundancy in a Probabilistic Forwarding Protocol. In: 2018 Twenty Fourth National Conference on Communications (NCC), FEB 25-28, 2018, Hyderabad, INDIA.

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This paper is concerned with the problem of broadcasting information from a source node to every node in an ad-hoc network. Flooding, as a broadcast mechanism, involves each node forwarding any packet it receives to all its neighbours. This results in excessive transmissions and thus a high energy expenditure overall. Probabilistic forwarding or gossiping involves each node forwarding a received packet to all its neighbours only with a certain probability p. In this paper, we study the effect of introducing redundancy, in the form of coded packets, into a probabilistic forwarding protocol. Specifically, we assume that the source node has k data packets to broadcast, which are encoded into n >= k coded packets, such that any k of these coded packets are sufficient to recover the original k data packets. Our interest is in determining the minimum forwarding probability p for a ``successful broadcast'', which we take to be the event that the expected fraction of network nodes that receive at least k of the n coded packets is close to 1. We examine, via simulations and analysis of a number of different network topologies (e.g., trees, grids, random geometric graphs), how this minimum forwarding probability, and correspondingly, the expected total number of packet transmissions varies with the amount of redundancy added. Our simulation results indicate that over network topologies that are highly connected, the introduction of redundancy into the probabilistic forwarding protocol is useful, as it can significantly reduce the expected total number of transmissions needed for a successful broadcast. On the other hand, for trees, our analysis shows that the expected total number of transmissions needed increases with redundancy.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Series.: National Conference on Communications NCC
Publisher: IEEE
Additional Information: 24th National Conference on Communications (NCC), Hyderabad, INDIA, FEB 25-28, 2018
Keywords: ad-hoc networks; broadcast; gossip; probabilistic forwarding; grid; tree; random geometric graph
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2019 11:14
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 11:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61970

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