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Ferromagnetism in the multiferroic alloy systems BiFeO3-BaTiO3 and BiFeO3-SrTiO3: Intrinsic or extrinsic?

Kumar, Amit and Kumar, Avinash and Saha, Sujoy and Basumatary, Himalay and Ranjan, Rajeev (2019) Ferromagnetism in the multiferroic alloy systems BiFeO3-BaTiO3 and BiFeO3-SrTiO3: Intrinsic or extrinsic? In: APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 114 (2).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5059550


Among the different bulk alloys of the room temperature multiferroic compound BiFeO3, alloying with ATiO(3) (A = Ba, Sr, Pb) is interesting as they have been reported to induce ferromagnetism under certain conditions. While this makes them interesting as potential multiferroic magnetoelectric materials, there is a lack of clarity on the origin of ferromagnetism in these systems. We have performed a detailed magneto-structural analysis on two alloys, namely, BiFeO3-BaTiO3 and BiFeO3-SrTiO3, and found the systems' propensity for the formation of ferrimagnetic hexaferrite (BaFe12O19 and SrFe12O19) phases. Though insignificantly small to the extent of being undetectable by x-ray powder diffraction, we prove that the ferromagnetic character of the specimen is entirely due to spontaneous precipitation of the hexaferrite grains. While our results suggest that care should be exercised before attributing ferromagnetism in such alloy systems as intrinsic to the perovskite phase, the propensity for the spontaneous precipitation of the hexaferrite phase in these multiferroic alloy systems is encouraging as it provides an opportunity for designing selfgrown ferroelectric-ferromagnetic composites with good magnetoelectric coupling.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to AMER INST PHYSICS
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2019 05:57
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019 05:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61711

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