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Waste Foundry Sand/Bauxite Residue for Enhanced NOx Reduction in Diesel Exhaust Pretreated With Plasma/O-3 Injection

Madhukar, Apeksha and Rajanikanth, BS (2019) Waste Foundry Sand/Bauxite Residue for Enhanced NOx Reduction in Diesel Exhaust Pretreated With Plasma/O-3 Injection. In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, 47 (1, 3). pp. 376-386. (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPS.2018.2877824


The increased usage of diesel fuel of late has led the researchers to pay more attention toward abatement of increased emission of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) in the engine exhaust. The focus is, therefore, lies in providing a technique that is economical, feasible, and long lasting. The combination of electric discharge plasma with adsorbent/catalyst derived out of solid waste can be one such possible technique. In this paper, waste foundry sand from foundry industry and red mud or bauxite residue from aluminum industry have been used. Diesel engine exhaust under dry condition was exposed to an oxidizing discharge plasma environment. The plasma-treated exhaust was subjected to either adsorption over waste foundry sand or catalysis over red mud. Studies were carried out in the laboratory environment with 20% loading of diesel generator. The oxidizing plasma environment was either with direct plasma or with indirect plasma in which case ozone injection into the exhaust was accomplished. The ozone-adsorbent cascading system has resulted in about 87% NOx reduction in the dry exhaust case. The effect of O-3:NO ratio was discussed from the point of NO/NO2.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Keywords: Atmospheric-pressure plasma; diesel exhaust; ozone injection; pollution control; red mud; solid industrial waste; surface discharges; waste foundry sand
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2019 05:48
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 05:48
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61654

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