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Transient energy growth of a swirling jet with vortex breakdown

Muthiah, Gopalsamy and Samanta, Arnab (2018) Transient energy growth of a swirling jet with vortex breakdown. In: JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, 856 . pp. 288-322.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2018.712


We investigate the existence of short-time, local transient growth in the helical modes of a rapidly swirling, high-speed jet that has transitioned into an axisymmetric bubble breakdown state. The time-averaged flow consisting of the bubble and its wake downstream constitute the base state, which we show to exhibit strong transient amplification owing to the non-modal behaviour of the continuous eigenspectrum. A pseudospectrum analysis mathematically identifies the so-called potential modes within this continuous spectrum and the resultant non-orthogonality between these modes and the existing discrete stable modes is shown to be the main contributor to such growth. As the swirling flow develops post the collapsed bubble, the potential spectrum moves further toward the unstable half-plane, which along with the concurrent weakening of exponential growth from the discrete unstable modes, increases the dynamic importance of transient growth inside the wake region. The transient amplifications calculated at several locations inside the bubble and wake confirm this, where strong growths inside the wake far outstrip the corresponding modal growths (if available) at shorter times, but especially at the higher helical orders and smaller streamwise wavenumbers. The corresponding optimal perturbations at initial times consist of streamwise streaks of azimuthal velocity, which if concentrated inside the core vortical region, unfold via the classical Orr mechanism to yield structures resembling core (or viscous) Kelvin waves of the corresponding Lamb-Oseen vortex. However, in contrast to that in Lamb-Oseen vortex flow, where critical-layer waves are associated with higher transient gains, here, such core Kelvin modes with the more compact spiral structure at the vortex core are seen to yield the maximum transient amplifications.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Keywords: instability; vortex flows; vortex instability
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2018 15:03
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2018 15:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61119

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