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Coping with arsenic stress: Adaptations of arsenite-oxidizing bacterial membrane lipids to increasing arsenic levels

Ghosh, Devanita and Bhadury, Punyasloke and Routh, Joyanto (2018) Coping with arsenic stress: Adaptations of arsenite-oxidizing bacterial membrane lipids to increasing arsenic levels. In: MICROBIOLOGYOPEN, 7 (5).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mbo3.594


Elevated levels of arsenic (As) in aquifers of South East Asia have caused diverse health problems affecting millions of people who drink As-rich groundwater and consume various contaminated agriculture products. The biogeochemical cycling and mobilization/immobilization of As from its mineral-bound phase is controlled by pH, oxic/anoxic conditions, and different microbial processes. The increased As flux generated from ongoing biogeochemical processes in the subsurface in turn affects the in situ microbial communities. This study analyzes how the indigenous arsenite-oxidizing bacteria combat As stress by various biophysical alterations and self-adaptation mechanisms. Fifteen arsenite-oxidizing bacterial strains were isolated and identified using a polyphasic approach. The bacterial strains isolated from these aquifers belong predominantly to arsenite-oxidizing bacterial groups. Of these, the membrane-bound phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) were characterized in seven selected bacterial isolates grown at different concentrations of As(III) in the medium. One of the significant findings of this study is how the increase in external stress can induce alteration of membrane PLFAs. The change in fatty acid saturation and alteration of their steric conformation suggests alteration of membrane fluidity due to change in As-related stress. However, different bacterial groups can have different degrees of alteration that can affect sustainability in As-rich aquifers of the Bengal Delta Plain.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: WILEY
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to WILEY
Keywords: aquifer; Arsenic; arsenite-oxidizing bacteria; As(III) stress; phospholipid fatty acids
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2018 13:58
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2018 13:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60995

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