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Engineering Interfacial Processes at Mini-Micro-Nano Scales Using Sessile Droplet Architecture

Bansal, Lalit and Sanyal, Apratim and Kabi, Prasenjit and Pathak, Binita and Basu, Saptarshi (2018) Engineering Interfacial Processes at Mini-Micro-Nano Scales Using Sessile Droplet Architecture. In: LANGMUIR, 34 (29). pp. 8423-8442.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b04295


Evaporating sessile functional droplets act as the fundamental building block that controls the cumulative outcome of many industrial and biological applications such as surface patterning, 3D printing, photonic crystals, and DNA sequencing, to name a few. Additionally, a drying single sessile droplet forms a high-throughput processing technique using low material volume which is especially suitable for medical diagnosis. A sessile droplet also provides an elementary platform to study and analyze fundamental interfacial processes at various length scales ranging from macroscopically observable wetting and evaporation to microfluidic transport to interparticle forces operating at a nanometric length scale. As an example, to ascertain the quality of 3D printing we must understand the fundamental interfacial processes at the droplet scale. In this article, we review the coupled physics of evaporation flow contact-line-driven particle transport in sessile colloidal droplets and provide methodologies to control the same. Through natural alterations in droplet vaporization, one can change the evaporative pattern and contact line dynamics leading to internal flow which will modulate the final particle assembly in a nontrivial fashion. We further show that control over particle transport can also be exerted by external stimuli which can be thermal, mechanical oscillations, vapor confinement (walled or a fellow droplet), or chemical (surfactant-induced) in nature. For example, significant augmentation of an otherwise evaporation-driven particle transport in sessile droplets can be brought about simply through controlled interfacial oscillations. The ability to control the final morphologies by manipulating the governing interfacial mechanisms in the precursor stages of droplet drying makes it perfectly suitable for fabrication-, mixing-, and diagnostic-based applications.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: LANGMUIR
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belong to AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2018 14:15
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2018 15:48
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60448

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