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Ultrafast bridge planarization in donor-pi-acceptor copolymers drives intramolecular charge transfer

Roy, Palas and Jha, Ajay and Yasarapudi, Vineeth B and Ram, Thulasi and Puttaraju, Boregowda and Patil, Satish and Dasgupta, Jyotishman (2017) Ultrafast bridge planarization in donor-pi-acceptor copolymers drives intramolecular charge transfer. In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 8 .

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-01928-z


Donor-pi-acceptor conjugated polymers form the material basis for high power conversion efficiencies in organic solar cells. Large dipole moment change upon photoexcitation via intramolecular charge transfer in donor-pi-acceptor backbone is conjectured to facilitate efficient charge-carrier generation. However, the primary structural changes that drive ultrafast charge transfer step have remained elusive thereby limiting a rational structure-function correlation for such copolymers. Here we use structure-sensitive femtosecond stimulated Raman spectroscopy to demonstrate that pi-bridge torsion forms the primary reaction coordinate for intramolecular charge transfer in donor-pi-acceptor copolymers. Resonance-selective Raman snapshots of exciton relaxation reveal rich vibrational dynamics of the bridge modes associated with backbone planarization within 400 fs, leading to hot intramolecular charge transfer state formation while subsequent cooling dynamics of backbone-centric modes probe the charge transfer relaxation. Our work establishes a phenomenological gating role of bridge torsions in determining the fundamental timescale and energy of photogenerated carriers, and therefore opens up dynamics-based guidelines for fabricating energy-efficient organic photovoltaics.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, MACMILLAN BUILDING, 4 CRINAN ST, LONDON N1 9XW, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2017 06:02
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2017 06:02
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58429

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