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Transmembrane oligomeric intermediates of pore forming toxin Cytolysin A determine leakage kinetics

Agrawal, Ayush and Apoorva, K and Ayappa, KG (2017) Transmembrane oligomeric intermediates of pore forming toxin Cytolysin A determine leakage kinetics. In: RSC ADVANCES, 7 (82). pp. 51750-51762.

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1039/c7ra07304f


Calcein leakage experiments for the a pore forming toxin Cytolysin A (ClyA) are carried out using a suspension of small unilamellar vesicles made up of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) and cholesterol. Combining the oligomerization kinetics with a Poisson process to describe the inherent stochasticity underlying pore formation, we screen possible oligomerization pathways by comparing model predictions with calcein leakage data for ClyA. Excellent agreement with the leakage data was obtained for a reversible sequential oligomerization mechanism upon inclusion of leakage from membrane inserted partially oligomerized intermediates or `arcs'. In contrast, the non-sequential mechanisms were unable to predict the calcein leakage data. Reversibility in the oligomerization mechanism maintains a constant supply of protomers resulting in a broad distribution of oligomers at steady state. Additionally, the time scale for the conformational change from the water soluble monomer to the membrane bound protomer was found to be similar or larger than the time scale for oligomerization. The dominant contribution to leakage was found to occur from the smaller arcs, consistent with the low protein to lipid ratios used in the experiment. Our kinetic model is able to capture both the fast and slow time constants typically observed in calcein leakage experiments. A key inference is that arcs play a critical role in the leakage kinetics of ClyA, with the fast leakage time scale arising from the smaller oligomerized intermediates and the longer time scale arising from the slowly forming higher order oligomers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: RSC ADVANCES
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2017 09:32
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2018 12:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58406

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