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Nature Inspired Strategy to Enhance Mechanical Properties via Liquid Reinforcement

Owuor, Peter Samora and Hiremath, Shashishekarayya and Chipara, Alin C and Vajtai, Robert and Lou, Jun and Mahapatra, D Roy and Tiwary, Chandra Sekhar and Ajayan, Pulickel M (2017) Nature Inspired Strategy to Enhance Mechanical Properties via Liquid Reinforcement. In: ADVANCED MATERIALS INTERFACES, 4 (16).

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1002/admi.201700240


Solid-solid interface mechanism understanding of composite inclusions, when extended to solid-liquid interface design of composite using Eshelby theory, indicates a possibility of decreasing effective stiffness with increasing liquid inclusion in a solid matrix. In contrast, experimental evidence in the current paper suggests high stiffness and enhanced dynamic energy absorption in a soft polymer (polydimethylsiloxane) with high bulk modulus liquid inclusions (gallium). The basic deformation mechanism is governed by hydrostatic stress causing shape change of the liquid inclusion in large deformation regime and strain hardening of a soft polymer matrix. In addition, dynamic viscoelasticity and fluid motion also play a significant role. These understandings are developed here based on analytical modeling and a detailed finite element with smooth particle hydrodynamic simulations. The large deformation with viscoelasticity of gallium composite shows higher energy absorption and dissipation. Similar strategies of liquid reinforcement to compliant solid matrices are abundant in nature, for example, the intervertebral discs in the spinal cord and deep sea animal skin and lungs.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the WILEY, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2017 06:18
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2017 06:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/57814

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