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microRNA dysregulation in polyglutamine toxicity of TATA-box binding protein is mediated through STAT1 in mouse neuronal cells

Roshan, Reema and Choudhary, Ashwani and Bhambri, Aksheev and Bakshi, Bhawani and Ghosh, Tanay and Pillai, Beena (2017) microRNA dysregulation in polyglutamine toxicity of TATA-box binding protein is mediated through STAT1 in mouse neuronal cells. In: JOURNAL OF NEUROINFLAMMATION, 14 .

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1186/s12974-017-0925-3


Background: Polyglutamine diseases constitute a class of neurodegenerative disorders associated with expansion of the cytosine-adenine-guanine (CAG) triplet, in protein coding genes. Expansion of a polyglutamine tract in the N-terminal of TBP is the causal mutation in SCA17. Brain sections of patients with spinocerebellar ataxia 17 (SCA17), a type of neurodegenerative disease, have been reported to contain protein aggregates of TATA-binding protein (TBP). It is also implicated in other neurodegenerative diseases like Huntington's disease, since the protein aggregates formed in such diseases also contain TBP. Dysregulation of miR-29a/b is another common feature of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, and SCA17. Using a cellular model of SCA17, we identified key connections in the molecular pathway from protein aggregation to miRNA dysregulation. Methods: Gene expression profiling was performed subsequent to the expression of TBP containing polyglutamine in a cellular model of SCA17. We studied the expression of STAT1 and other interferon-gamma dependent genes in neuronal apoptosis. The molecular pathway leading to the dysregulation of miRNA in response of protein aggregation and interferon release was investigated using RNAi-mediated knockdown of STAT1. Results: We show that the accumulation of polyglutamine-TBP in the cells results in interferon-gamma release which in turn signals through STAT1 leading to downregulation of miR-29a/b. We propose that the release of interferons by cells harboring toxic protein aggregates may trigger a bystander effect resulting in loss of neurons. Interferon-gamma also led to upregulation of miR-322 although this effect is not mediated through STAT1. Conclusions: Our investigation shows that neuroinflammation could be an important player in mediating the transcriptional dysregulation of miRNA and the subsequent apoptotic effect of toxic polyglutamine-TBP. The involvement of immunomodulators in polyglutamine diseases holds special therapeutic relevance in the light of recent findings that interferon-gamma can modulate behavior.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the BIOMED CENTRAL LTD, 236 GRAYS INN RD, FLOOR 6, LONDON WC1X 8HL, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Neuroscience
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2017 07:40
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 07:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/57708

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