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Statistical analysis of the size- and rate-dependence of yield and plastic flow in nanocrystalline copper pillars

Lee, Jung-A and Seok, Moo-Young and Zhao, Yakai and Choi, In-Chul and Lee, Dong-Hyun and Seo, Brandon B and Ramamurty, Upadrasta and Tsui, Ting Y and Jang, Jae-Il (2017) Statistical analysis of the size- and rate-dependence of yield and plastic flow in nanocrystalline copper pillars. In: ACTA MATERIALIA, 127 . pp. 332-340.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2017.01.033


The effects of specimen size and strain rate on the plastic deformation response of sub-mu m-sized nanocrystalline Cu pillars were examined through a series of micro-compression experiments, with particular emphasis on the stochastic nature of the measured responses. A large number of micropillars two different diameters, both with an average grain size of 6 nm, were prepared by employing the single batch process of e-beam lithography and electroplating and tested. By recourse to statistical analysis, it was recognized the yield strength and flow stress increase with pillar size and strain rate. Further, the rate sensitivity in smaller pillars was more pronounced, implying synergetic interactions between the deformed volume and the strain rate imposed. The coupling influence of size and rate on yield was analyzed by estimating the parameters in a statistical distribution having Weibull-like formula, revealing that the enhanced role of free surface in smaller pillar may make it easy to trigger yielding. The size dependence of rate-sensitive plastic flow was also statistically examined in detail and discussed in terms of strain-rate sensitivity, activation volume, and the combined roles of free surfaces and grain boundaries. (C) 2017 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 20 May 2017 04:28
Last Modified: 20 May 2017 04:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/56858

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