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Investigations on Optimal Pulse Width Modulation to Minimize Total Harmonic Distortion in the Line Current

Tripathi, Avanish and Narayanan, G (2017) Investigations on Optimal Pulse Width Modulation to Minimize Total Harmonic Distortion in the Line Current. In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, 53 (1). pp. 212-221.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2016.2614630


High-power and high-speed motor drives have only a few switching transitions in each line cycle. Pulse width modulation (PWM) waveforms with positive voltage transition at the positive zero crossing of the fundamental voltage (type-A) are generally considered for PWM waveform with an even number of switching angles per quarter, whereas waveforms with negative voltage transition at the positive zero crossing (type-B) are considered for an odd number of switching angles per quarter. Optimal switching angles to minimize the total harmonic distortion (THD) in motor current are reported for both type-A and type-B waveforms of pulse numbers (P) of 5, 7, 9, and 11. Based on simulation and experimental studies on a 3.7 kW induction motor (IM) drive, optimal type-A and type-B PWM methods are shown to be better than each other in different modulation ranges for each pulse number. The space vector based analysis of optimal type-A and type-B waveforms brings out the optimal vector sequence at any modulation index for a given P. Findings of the space vector based analysis lead to a new approach for determining optimal switching angles with much reduced computational effort. Compared to sine-triangle PWM, deployment of optimal vector sequences in an IM drive, having a maximum switching frequency of 250 Hz, leads to significant reduction in both THD of line current as well as motor losses over a wide range of speeds and load conditions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, 445 HOES LANE, PISCATAWAY, NJ 08855-4141 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2017 04:48
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2017 04:48
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/56449

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