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Spatio-temporal variability of temperature and potential evapotranspiration over India

Sonali, P and Kumar, Nagesh D (2016) Spatio-temporal variability of temperature and potential evapotranspiration over India. In: JOURNAL OF WATER AND CLIMATE CHANGE, 7 (4). pp. 810-822.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wcc.2016.230


Worldwide, major changes in the climate are expected due to global warming, which leads to temperature variations. To assess the climate change impact on the hydrological cycle, a spatio-temporal change detection study of potential evapotranspiration (PET) along with maximum and minimum temperatures (T-max and T-min) over India have been performed for the second half of the 20th century (1950-2005) both at monthly and seasonal scale. From the observed monthly climatology of PET over India, high values of PET are envisioned during the months of March, April, May and June. Temperature is one of the significant factors in explaining changes in PET. Hence seasonal correlations of PET with T-max and T-min were analyzed using Spearman rank correlation. Correlation of PET with T-max was found to be higher compared to that with T-min. Seasonal variability of trend at each grid point over India was studied for Tmax(,) T-min and PET separately. Trend Free Pre-Whitening and Modified Mann Kendall approaches, which consider the effect of serial correlation, were employed for the trend detection analysis. A significant trend was observed in T-min compared to Tmax and PET. Significant upward trends in T-max, T-min and PET were observed over most of the grid points in the interior peninsular region.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the IWA PUBLISHING, ALLIANCE HOUSE, 12 CAXTON ST, LONDON SW1H0QS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change

Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 05:24
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2017 05:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55974

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