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Economic disparity and CO2 emissions: The domestic energy sector in Greater Bangalore, India

Ramachandra, TV and Bajpai, Vishnu and Kulkarni, Gouri and Aithal, Bharath H and Han, Sun Sheng (2017) Economic disparity and CO2 emissions: The domestic energy sector in Greater Bangalore, India. In: RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, 67 . pp. 1331-1344.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.09.038


Energy consumption constitutes one of the important sources of carbon dioxide emission which cause global warming. This paper analyses greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions due to energy consumption in the domestic sector considering household activities and socioeconomic parameters. A stratified random survey of 1967 households in Bangalore pertaining to the energy consumption reveals that annual per capita electricity consumption ranges from 9.64 to 2337 kW h/year with an average of 336 +/- 267 kW h/year. Emission from most of the wards (66 wards) is about 10-15 GM/year, while wards in ped-urban areas emit less than 10 Gg/year. Extrapolation of these, show that total carbon dioxide from all wards of Greater Bangalore accounts to 3350 Gg/Year. The energy consumption analyses reveal a proportional increase in the per capita energy consumption with the family income suggesting that economic levels in respective wards is an important parameter in the domestic energy consumption and also GHG emissions. Suggested interventions through large scale penetration of renewable sources of energy and energy conservation would help in reducing greenhouse gases and consequent warming of the Earth. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Center for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning (CiSTUP)
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2017 04:43
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2017 04:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55699

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