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Decoupling the contributions of constituent layers to the strength and ductility of a multi-layered steel

Seok, Moo-Young and Lee, Jung-A and Lee, Dong-Hyun and Ramamurty, Upadrasta and Nambu, Shoichi and Koseki, Toshihiko and Jang, Jae-il (2016) Decoupling the contributions of constituent layers to the strength and ductility of a multi-layered steel. In: ACTA MATERIALIA, 121 . pp. 164-172.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2016.09.007


Multi-layered steel (MLS) consisting of alternating soft/ductile austenitic and hard/brittle martensitic stainless steel layers is a new class of hybrid material for structural application as it offers excellent combinations of strength and ductility. In this study, the contributions of each of the constituent layers to the overall strength and ductility of an MLS (having tensile strength > 1.4 GPa and ductility > 20%) were examined by recourse to nanoindentation experiments on each of them. By adapting two different indenter tip radii for the spherical nanoindentation experiments, constituent layers' stress-strain responses within the plastic regime were obtained and then compared with the macroscopic flow curve of the MLS that was obtained through tensile tests, to show that the strength contributions of the constituent steels to the global strength of MIS is as per the rule of mixtures. In order to examine the sources of tensile ductility of the MLS, sharp tip nanoindentation experiments were conducted on specimens extracted from tensile coupons that were subjected to predetermined plastic strains a priori. Results of these experiments show that the tensile failure occurs at a strain at which hardness of the austenitic layer, which is found to be dependent on the prior-plastic strain, is almost equal to the strain independent hardness of the martensitic layer. The results are discussed in terms of martensitic transformation within austenitic layer and the role of the mechanical environment change imposed by the neighboring martensite layers on it. (C) 2016 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2016 04:37
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2016 04:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55452

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