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Co-existence of periodic bursts and death of cycles in a population dynamics system

Iyengar, Sudharsana V and Balakrishnan, Janaki and Kurths, Juergen (2016) Co-existence of periodic bursts and death of cycles in a population dynamics system. In: CHAOS, 26 (9).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4962633


We study the dynamics of a discrete-time tritrophic model which mimics the observed periodicity in the population cycles of the larch budmoth insect which causes widespread defoliation of larch forests at high altitudes periodically. Our model employs q-deformation of numbers to model the system comprising the budmoth, one or more parasitoid species, and larch trees. Incorporating climate parameters, we introduce additional parasitoid species and show that their introduction increases the periodicity of the budmoth cycles as observed experimentally. The presence of these additional species also produces other interesting dynamical effects such as periodic bursting and oscillation quenching via oscillation death, amplitude death, and partial oscillation death which are also seen in nature. We suggest that introducing additional parasitoid species provides an alternative explanation for the collapse of the nine year budmoth outbreak cycles observed in the Swiss Alps after 1981. A detailed exploration of the parameter space of the system is performed with movies of bifurcation diagrams which enable variation of two parameters at a time. Limit cycles emerge through a Neimark-Sacker bifurcation with respect to all parameters in all the five and higher dimensional models we have studied. Published by AIP Publishing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: CHAOS
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER INST PHYSICS, 1305 WALT WHITMAN RD, STE 300, MELVILLE, NY 11747-4501 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Information Sciences (Doesn't exist now) > National Centre for Science Information (Merged with JRD Library in May 2012)
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2016 09:26
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2018 14:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55351

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