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Improved electrical characteristics of Pr-doped BiFeO3 ceramics prepared by sol-gel route

Madolappa, Shivanand and Kundu, Swarup and Bhimireddi, Rajasekhar and Varma, KBR (2016) Improved electrical characteristics of Pr-doped BiFeO3 ceramics prepared by sol-gel route. In: MATERIALS RESEARCH EXPRESS, 3 (6).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/3/6/065009


Ceramics of Bi1-xPrxFeO3 (x = 0-0.1) were fabricated using the nanocrystalline powders obtained via sol-gel route. X-ray powder diffraction studies confirmed that these belonged to rhombohedral perovskite structure associated with R3c space group. The dielectric properties of the ceramic samples as a function of frequency (100 Hz-10 MHz) and temperature (30 degrees C-250 degrees C) were studied. The dielectric constant increased while the loss decreased with the increase of Pr content. Dielectric dispersion in these samples was found to be poly dispersive Debye type relaxation as confirmed by invoking Cole-Cole relation. Impedance spectroscopy was employed to determine the electrical parameters associated with the grain and grain boundaries. Grain and grain boundary resistances were found to decrease with the increase of temperature for all the samples under study. The activation energies for the dielectric relaxation were evaluated by electric modulus spectra and these increase with the increase of Pr dopant level. The frequency dependent conductivity at various temperatures demonstrated the involvement of correlated barrier hopping conduction mechanism. The electrical conduction in these ceramics was ascribed to long and short range migration of oxygen ion vacancies as demonstrated by temperature dependent ac conductivity studies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the IOP PUBLISHING LTD, TEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2016 07:27
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2016 07:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/54953

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