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Structural, multiferroic properties and enhanced magnetoelectric coupling in Sm1-xCaxFeO3

Praveena, K and Bharathi, P and Liu, Hsiang Lin and Varma, K B R (2016) Structural, multiferroic properties and enhanced magnetoelectric coupling in Sm1-xCaxFeO3. In: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, 42 (12). pp. 13572-13585.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.05.150


Sm1-xCaxFeO3 where x=0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0 was synthesized via the sol-gel method at low temperatures in steps of x=0.25. The as-prepared powders were characterized by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The as-prepared powders were pelletized and then sintered at 1000 degrees C/4 h to obtain single phase material. The sintered ferrite samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The XRD data reveal that a pure phase with perovskite structure is obtained for all the compositions and an exothermic peak appears in the DTA curve at 700 degrees C for x=0.25, suggesting a crystallization process; a similar behaviour is found to occur for the other compositions as well. The band gap values were determined from UV reflection spectra to be in the range of 1.8-2 eV. The structural transition is further confirmed by the changes observed in Raman vibrational modes. The microstructural characteristics of all the phases show particles of different morphology and size. The dielectric constant (epsilon(r)) and dielectric loss (D) were decreased with an increase of frequency (40 Hz to 110 MHz). A huge enhancement in remnant magnetization (M-r) and coercivity (H-c) is observed as Ca3+ is increases. The improvement in the magnetic properties of present samples is due to the destruction of spin cycloid with Sm. No Fe4+ ions are discovered upon substitution of Sm3+ by Ca3+. Magnetic hysteresis loops of these samples show a significant weak ferromagnetic behaviour. Clear evidence of magneto-electric coupling is shown by the P-E loops measurement by applying an electric field. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to the ELSEVIER SCI LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND
Keywords: Orthoferrites; Sol-gel synthesis; Dielectric properties; XPS; Magnetic properties
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2016 05:44
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2016 05:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/54636

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