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Precise determination of the low-energy hadronic contribution to the muon g-2 from analyticity and unitarity: An improved analysis

Ananthanarayan, B and Caprini, Irinel and Das, Diganta and Imsong, Sentitemsu I (2016) Precise determination of the low-energy hadronic contribution to the muon g-2 from analyticity and unitarity: An improved analysis. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 93 (11).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.116007


The two-pion low-energy contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, a(mu) equivalent to (g - 2)(mu)/2, expressed as an integral over the modulus squared of the pion electromagnetic form factor, brings a relatively large contribution to the theoretical error, since the low accuracy of experimental measurements in this region is amplified by the drastic increase of the integration kernel. We derive stringent constraints on the two-pion contribution by exploiting analyticity and unitarity of the pion electromagnetic form factor. To avoid the poor knowledge of the modulus of this function, we use instead its phase, known with high precision in the elastic region from Roy equations for pion-pion scattering via the Fermi-Watson theorem. Above the inelastic threshold we adopt a conservative integral condition on the modulus, determined from data and perturbative QCD. Additional high precision data on the modulus in the range 0.65-0.71 GeV, obtained from e(+)e(-) annihilation and tau-decay experiments, are used to improve the predictions on the modulus at lower energies by means of a parametrization-free analytic extrapolation. The results are optimal for a given input and do not depend on the unknown phase of the form factor above the inelastic threshold. The present work improves a previous analysis based on the same technique, including more experimental data and employing better statistical tools for their treatment. We obtain for the contribution to a(mu) from below 0.63 GeV the value (133.258 +/- 0.723) x 10(-10), which amounts to a reduction of the theoretical error by about 6 x 10(-11).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER PHYSICAL SOC, ONE PHYSICS ELLIPSE, COLLEGE PK, MD 20740-3844 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for High Energy Physics
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2016 10:27
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2016 10:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/54323

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