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Solid oxide fuel cell operating with biomass derived producer gas: Status and challenges

Sharma, Monikankana and Rakesh, N and Dasappa, S (2016) Solid oxide fuel cell operating with biomass derived producer gas: Status and challenges. In: RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, 60 . pp. 450-463.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.01.075


Solid oxide fuel cell as a conversion device is finding importance in the energy sector due to its high efficiency, low emissions and fuel flexibility. The use of producer gas as a fuel is gaining importance due to certain advantages over the conventional fuels while challenges lie in its usage due to the inherent contaminants present. This paper consolidates the efforts carried out using fossil fuels,and highlights the challenges, and further, the progress made in the use of producer gas is critically examined. The effects of contaminants such as tar, particulate matter, H2S etc. on anode materials are highlighted, and the published results are consolidated to examine whether the maximum tolerance limits of the contaminants be identified. However, it is observed that due to many inexorable factors viz., differences in the electrode material, microstructure, diverse operating conditions, the conclusions obtained are diverse and it is difficult to predict the general behavior of a particular contaminant. The need for a comprehensive study having both experimental and theoretical components focusing on the role of contaminants under the same operating conditions and using the same materials is highlighted as a major conclusion of this study. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Keywords: Biomass gasification; Producer gas; SOFC; Tar; Carbon deposition; Contaminants; Cermet
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2016 10:22
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2016 10:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/54321

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