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Diffusive nature of thermal transport in stanene

Nissimagoudar, Arun S and Manjanath, Aaditya and Singh, Abhishek K (2016) Diffusive nature of thermal transport in stanene. In: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 18 (21). pp. 14257-14263.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5cp07957h


Using the phonon Boltzmann transport formalism and density functional theory based calculations, we show that stanene has a low thermal conductivity. For a sample size of 1 x 1 mu m(2) (L x W), the lattice thermal conductivities along the zigzag and armchair directions are 10.83 W m(-1) K-1 and 9.2 W m(-1) K-1 respectively, at room temperature, indicating anisotropy in thermal transport. The low values of thermal conductivity are due to large anharmonicity in the crystal resulting in high Gruneisen parameters, and low group velocities. The room temperature effective phonon mean free path is found to be around 17 nm indicating that the thermal transport in stanene is completely diffusive in nature. Furthermore, our study reveals the relative importance of the contributing phonon branches and that, at very low temperatures, the contribution to lattice thermal conductivity comes from the flexural acoustic (ZA) branch and at higher temperatures it is dominated by the longitudinal acoustic (LA) branch. We also show that the lattice thermal conductivity of stanene can further be reduced by tuning the sample size and creating rough surfaces at the edges. Such tunability of lattice thermal conductivity in stanene suggests its applications in thermoelectric devices.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2016 04:20
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2016 04:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/54269

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