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Detection and attribution of seasonal temperature changes in India with climate models in the CMIP5 archive

Sonali, P and Kumar, Nagesh D (2016) Detection and attribution of seasonal temperature changes in India with climate models in the CMIP5 archive. In: JOURNAL OF WATER AND CLIMATE CHANGE, 7 (1). pp. 83-102.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wcc.2015.072


This study analyzes the change in annual and seasonal maximum and minimum temperature (T-max and T-min) during the period 1950-2005 (i.e., second half of the 20th century). In-depth analyses have been carried out for all over India as well as for five temperature homogenous regions of India separately. First, the temporal variations of annual and seasonal T-max and T-min are analyzed, employing the trend free pre-whitening Mann-Kendall approach. Secondly, it is assessed whether the observations contain significant signals above the natural internal variability determined from a long `piControl' experiment, using Monte Carlo simulation. Thirdly, fingerprint based formal detection and attribution analysis is used to determine the signal strengths of observed and model simulations with respect to different considered experiments. Finally, these signal strengths are compared to attribute the observed changes in T-max and T-min to different factors. All the model simulated datasets are retrieved from the CMIP5 archive. It is noticed that the emergence of observed trends is more pronounced in T-min compared to T-max. Although observed changes are not solely associated with one specific causative factor, most of the changes in T-min lie above the bounds of natural internal climate variability.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the IWA PUBLISHING, ALLIANCE HOUSE, 12 CAXTON ST, LONDON SW1H0QS, ENGLAND
Keywords: climate change signal; CMIP5 dataset; formal detection-attribution; natural internal climate variability; seasonal temperature; trend detection
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2016 07:50
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2016 07:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53988

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