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The 2014 M-w 6.1 Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean, Earthquake: A Possible Association with the 85 degrees E Ridge

Mallick, Rishav and Rajendran, Kusala (2016) The 2014 M-w 6.1 Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean, Earthquake: A Possible Association with the 85 degrees E Ridge. In: BULLETIN OF THE SEISMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 106 (2). pp. 408-417.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1785/0120150308


Oceanic intraplate earthquakes are known to occur either on active ridge-transform structures or by reactivation of their inactive counterparts, generally referred to as fossil ridges or transforms. The Indian Ocean, one of the most active oceanic intraplate regions, has generated large earthquakes associated with both these types of structures. The moderate earthquake that occurred on 21 May 2014 (M-w 6.1) in the northern Bay of Bengal followed an alternate mechanism, as it showed no clear association either with active or extinct ridge-transform structures. Its focal depth of >50 km is uncommon but not improbable, given the similar to 90 Ma age of the ocean floor with 12-km-thick overlying sediments. No tectonic features have been mapped in the near vicinity of its epicenter, the closest being the 85 degrees E ridge, located similar to 100 km to its west, hitherto regarded as seismically inactive. The few earthquakes that have occurred here in the past are clustered around its southern or northern limits, and a few are located midway, at around 10 degrees N. The 2014 earthquake, sourced close to the northern cluster, seems to be associated with a northwest-southeast-oriented fracture, located on the eastern flanks of the 85 degrees E ridge. If this causal association is possible, we believe that reactivation of fossil hotspot trails could be considered as another mechanism for oceanic intraplate seismicity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SEISMOLOGICAL SOC AMER, 400 EVELYN AVE, SUITE 201, ALBANY, CA 94706-1375 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 11 May 2016 06:05
Last Modified: 11 May 2016 06:05
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53776

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