# Nonrotating Beams Isospectral to Tapered Rotating Beams

Kambampati, Sandilya and Ganguli, Ranjan (2016) Nonrotating Beams Isospectral to Tapered Rotating Beams. In: AIAA JOURNAL, 54 (2). pp. 750-757.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.J054126

## Abstract

In this paper, we seek to find nonrotating beams that are isospectral to a given tapered rotating beam. Isospectral structures have identical natural frequencies. We assume the mass and stiffness distributions of the tapered rotating beam to be polynomial functions of span. Such polynomial variations of mass and stiffness are typical of helicopter and wind turbine blades. We use the Barcilon-Gottlieb transformation to convert the fourth-order governing equations of the rotating and the nonrotating beams, from the (x, Y) frame of reference to a hypothetical (z, U) frame of reference. If the coefficients of both the equations in the (z, U) frame match with each other, then the nonrotating beam is isospectral to the given rotating beam. The conditions on matching the coefficients lead to a pair of coupled differential equations. Wesolve these coupled differential equations numerically using the fourth-order Runge-Kutta scheme. We also verify that the frequencies (given in the literature) of standard tapered rotating beams are the frequencies (obtained using the finite-element analysis) of the isospectral nonrotating beams. Finally, we present an example of beams having a rectangular cross-section to show the application of our analysis. Since experimental determination of rotating beam frequencies is a difficult task, experiments can be easily conducted on these isospectral nonrotating beams to calculate the frequencies of the rotating beam.

Item Type: Journal Article AIAA JOURNAL AMER INST AERONAUTICS ASTRONAUTICS Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER INST AERONAUTICS ASTRONAUTICS, 1801 ALEXANDER BELL DRIVE, STE 500, RESTON, VA 22091-4344 USA Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering) 29 Apr 2016 05:59 29 Apr 2016 05:59 http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53738