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Biomass to liquid transportation fuel via Fischer Tropsch synthesis - Technology review and current scenario

Ail, Snehesh Shivananda and Dasappa, S (2016) Biomass to liquid transportation fuel via Fischer Tropsch synthesis - Technology review and current scenario. In: RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, 58 . pp. 267-286.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.143


Current global energy scenario and the environmental deterioration aspect motivates substituting fossil fuel with a renewable energy resource - especially transport fuel. This paper reviews the current status of trending biomass to liquid (BTL) conversion processes and focuses on the technological developments in Fischer Tropsch (FT) process. FT catalysts in use, and recent understanding of FT kinetics are explored. Liquid fuels produced via FT process from biomass derived syngas promises an attractive, clean, carbon neutral and sustainable energy source for the transportation sector. Performance of the FT process with various catalysts, operating conditions and its influence on the FT products are also presented. Experience from large scale commercial installations of FT plants, primarily utilizing coal based gasifiers, are discussed. Though biomass gasification plants exist for power generation via gas engines with power output of about 2 MWe; there are only a few equivalent sized FT plants for biomass derived syngas. This paper discusses the recent developments in conversion of biomass to liquid (BTL) transportation fuels via FT reaction and worldwide attempts to commercialize this process. All the data presented and analysed here have been consolidated from research experiences at laboratory scale as well as from industrial systems. Economic aspects of BTL are reviewed and compared. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Keywords: Fischer Tropsch; BTL; Catalysts; FT kinetics; FT reactors; BTL economics
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2016 06:10
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2016 06:10
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53643

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