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Gasification of wood particles in a co-current packed bed: Experiments and model analysis

Mahapatra, Sadhan and Kumar, Sandeep and Dasappa, S (2016) Gasification of wood particles in a co-current packed bed: Experiments and model analysis. In: FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, 145 . pp. 76-89.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2016.01.032


This study focuses on addressing the propagation front movement in a co-current downdraft gasification system. A detailed single particle modeling analysis extended to the packed bed reactor is used to compare with the experimental measurement as well those available in the literature. This model for biomass gasification systems considered pyrolysis process, gas phase volatile combustion, and heterogeneous char reactions along with gas phase reactions in the packed bed. The pyrolysis kinetics has a critical influence on the gasification process. The propagation front has been shown to increase with air mass flux, attains a peak and then decreases with further increase in air mass flux and finally approaches negative propagation rate. This indicates that front is receding, or no upward movement() bra her it is moving downward towards the char bed. The propagation rate correlates with mass flux as (m) over dot `'(0.883) during the increasing regimes of the front movement The study clearly identifies that bed movement is an important parameter for consideration in a co-current configuration towards establishing the effective bed movement. The study also highlights the importance of surface area to volume ratio of the particles in the packed bed and its influence on the volatile generation. Finally, the gas composition for air gasification under various air mass fluxes is compared with the experimental results. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Downdraft; Gasifier; Packed bed; Propagation front; Modeling
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2016 06:01
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2016 06:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53642

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