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Archean tectonics and crustal evolution of the Biligiri Rangan Block, southern India

Ratheesh-Kumar, RT and Santosh, M and Yang, Qiong-Yan and Ishwar-Kumar, C and Chen, Neng-Song and Sajeev, K (2016) Archean tectonics and crustal evolution of the Biligiri Rangan Block, southern India. In: PRECAMBRIAN RESEARCH, 275 . pp. 406-428.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2016.01.022


The Southern Granulite Terrain in India is a collage of crustal blocks ranging in age from Archean to Neoproterozoic. This study investigate the tectonic evolution of one of the northernmost block- the Biligiri Block (BRB) through a multidisciplinary approach involving field investigation, petrographic studies, LA-ICPMS zircon U-Pb geochronology, Hf isotopic analyses, metamorphic P-T phase diagram computations, and crustal thickness modeling. The garnet bearing quartzofeldspathic gneiss from the central BRB preserve Mesoarchean magmatic zircons with ages between 3207 and 2806 Ma and positive epsilon Hf value (+2.7) which possibly indicates vestiges of a Mesoarchean primitive continental crust. The occurrence of quartzite-iron formation intercalation as well as ultramafic lenses along the western boundary of the BRB is interpreted to indicate that the Kollegal structural lineament is a possible paleo-suture. Phase diagram computation of a metagabbro from the southwestern periphery of the Kollegal suture zone reveals high-pressure (similar to 18.5 kbar) and medium-temperature (similar to 840 degrees C) metamorphism, likely during eastward subduction of the Western Dharwar oceanic crust beneath the Mesoarchean BRB. In the model presented here, slab subduction, melting and underplating processes generated arc magmatism and subsequent charnockitization within the BRB between ca. 2650 Ma and ca. 2498 Ma. These results thus reveal Meso- to Neoarchean tectonic evolution of the BRB. The spatial variation of crustal thickness, derived from flexure inversion technique, provides additional constraints on the tectonic linkage of the BRB with its surrounding terrains. In conjunction with published data, the Moyar and the Kollegal suture zones are considered to mark the trace of ocean closure along which the Nilgiri and Biligiri Rangan Blocks accreted on to the Western Dharwar Craton. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Tectonics; Zircon geochronology; Subduction; Arc magmatism; Thermodynamic modeling; Crustal thickness
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2016 05:32
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2016 05:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53604

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